Deixis Analysis of Declaration Speeches of Indonesian Presidential and Vice-Presidential Candidates


  • Irfai Fathurohman Muria Kudus University, Kudus, 59327 Central Java, Indonesia
  • Nur Alfin Hidayati Muria Kudus University, Kudus, 59327 Central Java, Indonesia
  • Inaayatul Chusna Muria Kudus University, Kudus, 59327 Central Java, Indonesia



Vice presidential candidates, deixis, speeches, declarations


The declaration speeches made by presidential and vice-presidential candidates Prabowo and Gibran became the public spotlight and were widely analyzed by political and linguistic experts. Deixis, in political speeches, can provide contextual information that is important in understanding the meaning of the speech. The method used is descriptive qualitative research (research that shows assessment procedures that provide descriptive information in the form of written or spoken words about the people and behaviour observed) as well as a literature study approach (collecting data by understanding and studying theories from various literature related to the research). Through this literature study, the problems described previously can be resolved well. This research aims to analyze and describe persona deixis, place deixis, time deixis, discourse deixis, and social deixis in the declaration speeches of presidential and vice-presidential candidates Prabowo Subianto and Gibran Rakabumingraka on October 25, 2023. The results of the research data are 124 forms of deixis. The data is divided into 56 person deixis, 5 place deixis, 6 time deixis, 3 discourse deixis, and 48 social deixis.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdulameer, T. A. S. A., & Suhair, T. A. (2019). A pragmatic analysis of deixis in a religious text. International Journal of English Linguistics, 9(2), 292-306.

Bunyarang, S., & Prasongsook, S. (2022). AN ANALYSIS OF DEIXIS IN SPEECHES OF FAMOUS AMERICANS. Journal of Buddhist Education and Research, 8(2), 1-16.

Dey, M. (2023). The primary characteristics of English pragmatics in Applied Linguistics: Exploring the Key Features of English Pragmatics in Applied Linguistics. Inverge Journal of Social Sciences, 2(2), 1-13.

Horn, L. R., & Ward, G. (2004). The Handbook of Pragmatics. Malden, USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Kecskes, I. (2020). Interculturality and intercultural pragmatics. In The Routledge handbook of language and intercultural communication (pp. 138-155). Routledge.

Levinson, S. C. (2006). Deixis. The handbook of pragmatics, 97-121.

Maulidya, R. A., Atasyah, N. F., Husna, N., Hidayat, D. N., & Hamid, F. (2021). The implementation of communicative media for teaching English as a Foreign Language (EFL) during pandemic of Covid-19 in Indonesian senior high schools. Faktor: Jurnal Ilmiah Kependidikan, 8(1), 73-92.

Moleong, J. L. (2018). Qualitative Research Methodology. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Mutiadi, A. D., & Respati, D. A. (2019). Deiksis dalam Novel “Rahwana” Karya Anand Neelakantan. Fon: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, 14(1).

Mwinwelle, P., Adukpo, J., & Mortey, F. M. R. (2018). Analysis of the use of personal deixis in concession speeches. International Journal of Art, Language & Linguistics, 1(1), 11-23.

Okoro, C. N. (2017). A speech act analysis of the formal declaration of interest for presidency and inaugural speeches of President Muhammadu Buhari. Language in India, 17(10), 49-66.

Özcan, Z. Ç., & Doğan, H. (2018). A longitudinal study of early math skills, reading comprehension and mathematical problem solving. Pegem Egitim ve Ogretim Dergisi= Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 8(1), 1.

Parina, E., & Caropeboka, R. M. (2022). Critical Discourse Analysis Controversial Statement Of God Is Not An Arabic In The Perspective Of Mantiq Science. LEGAL BRIEF, 11(4), 2031-2039.

Prosser, M., & Sze, D. (2014). Problem-based learning: Student learning experiences and outcomes. Clinical linguistics & phonetics, 28(1-2), 131-142.

Rachman, A., Putri, D. S., Sari, H. Y., & Liusti, S. A. (2022, December). Deixis Analysis in Conversation Between President Joko Widodo and Nadiem Makarim on Presidential Secretariat Youtube Channel. In 5th International Conference on Language, Literature, and Education (ICLLE-5 2022) (pp. 5-14). Atlantis Press.

Ricca, H., & Johan, M. (2021). Deixis found in the first victory speech of Joe Biden as United States President. eScience Humanity Journal, 1(2), 83-90.

Stapleton, A. (2017). Deixis in modern linguistics. Essex Student Journal, 9(1).

Sørensen, M. L. S., & Carman, J. (Eds.). (2009). Heritage studies: Methods and approaches. Routledge.

Stapleton, A. (2017). Deixis in modern linguistics. Essex Student Journal, 9(1).

Yahya, A. A. (2020). The construction of ideology in political discourse: A deictic analysis. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 9(2), 1-14.

Zimman, L. (2019). Trans self-identification and the language of neoliberal selfhood: Agency, power, and the limits of monologic discourse. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 2019(256), 147-175.




How to Cite

Fathurohman, I., Hidayati, N. A., & Chusna, I. (2023). Deixis Analysis of Declaration Speeches of Indonesian Presidential and Vice-Presidential Candidates. ICCCM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 2(1), 56–62.




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 > >>